Grunt, Chapter 60: Salt


There was no question that a pack train load of salt would be invaluable when it came to trading, yet two questions burned through my mind as we searched for the Smith family’s westernmost secret salt lick: How likely were we to actually find it, and if we did, how on earth did one go about mining salt? Neither question could be taken lightly. This was new territory for me, uncomfortable territory with control turned over to somebody else. Very uncomfortable territory.

Not every Before rancher knew about natural salt licks hidden in the mountains, but according to Mace, some did. Patriarch Zebediah Smith had researched the topic extensively during his alone years, long before he and mother Sara came together to produce all those boys, and in fact beginning before the Fall. The early information hadn’t helped him much, what with earthquakes and volcanoes and magnetic pole changes shifting the planet around so that old maps became useless in short order. It had, however, taught him one key secret: Follow the animals. If a subsurface mineral deposit ended up surfacing even a little, every critter within miles would know of it.

But there were endless square miles of timbered mountains west of the rolling plains. Mace had been a mere child when his father had taken him on one of his longer explore-and-trade journeys. Whether or not it made any sense, I was hopeful and pessimistic at the same time.

When it came to mining the salt, Mace’s memory was no help at all. He thought he recalled Zeb developing the site in some way but freely admitted he might be mixing that up with one of the salt licks closer to Smith Mountain. Thus we were prospecting, in a sense facing no better odds than a boomer racing to stake a claim in early California, Nevada, Montana, or Alaska. We could have headed some other direction, maybe intercepted a herd of migrating bison. I began to wish I’d never agreed to this harebrained scheme.

And then he found it. We’d long since crossed the trail that led to Fear Trace, striking north by northeast, many tall ridges into deep timber, across half a dozen tiny rivulets that most likely ran full and fast every spring. Past several great-antlered bull elk, countless deer, and three different grizzly bears. Only one of the bears gave our point man serious pause, standing erect like a man to face Mace as he rounded a raggedy curve. Julia was right behind him, leading the pack string, then Lauren, then me as tail end Charlie. I couldn’t see much farther than the rearmost pack horse’s rump, though it was obvious the horses were almighty nervous all of a sudden. Up front, Mace readied his carbine and Julia clicked off the safety on her AK-47, but neither of them was carrying the ideal bear gun. My .358 Winchester was the best we had; I was in the wrong spot. They couldn’t leave the trail, couldn’t back up. They were stuck. “Mr. Bear,” Mace breathed softly, “the ball’s in your court.”

His mount was hard to control, as was Julia’s. There isn’t an equine alive that doesn’t know enough to run from a big old boar grizzly. Fortunately, Yogi thought about it for several long seconds, then whuffed once, dropped to all fours and turned away, ambling downslope, disappearing in the forest, leaving only his smell behind.

Less than a mile later, Mace came to a fork in the trail, took the right hand fork, up over a tiny but sharp ridge, down into a draw, up the twisty-turny draw, and into what turned out to be a box canyon. An entire herd of blacktail deer scattered at our approach, panicking in every direction before finally realizing they could get around us and out of the box without being slaughtered. The ground on and around the lick was a textured mass of prints, everything from little rabbit traces to great tracks made by moose, bears, cougars…to a tracker, it was information overload.

“Well,” Mace announced as we gathered in the sizeable clearing, “this is it.”

“Never doubted,” I responded, straight faced. Lauren shot me an amused glance. The woman could read my mind.

I said it was a clearing, but to clarify: Hundreds of hooves and/or paws kept much of the area trampled down so that grasses, herbs, and tree seedlings didn’t have a chance. Not that many plants would have found the soil conducive to growth in the first place, what with all that salt right there, either at the surface or close to it in an area covering at least an acre. Inspection revealed the presence of three different springs, two of them salt-laden.

Julia summed it up rather nicely. “We can dig that one fresh water spring out enough for us and the horses, but if we’re going to be here after dark, we’d better figure out some serious defenses. This is Wildlife Central. And the sun’s going to drop behind that canyon wall before we know it.”

She had a point. Slowly and carefully, I scanned the area in all directions, including vertical. Human snipers, had any happened to be in the vicinity, cold have fired down from the box canyon’s rim with impunity except for the trees, of which there were plenty. As it was, towering old-growth pines and firs of great girth provided perfect cover for any would-be salt miners. We needed to consider our campsite with caution. It had to be positioned on the far side of the lick, not between the salt and any incoming critters craving a taste of sodium chloride. Near the treeline but not in it, a place we could rig to hold the horses and also to erect our tents. In the end, there was only one real choice. One back corner of the little park, or clearing, extended well beyond the rest. It had pretty decent, unsalted grasses and herbs for cover, a grazing area that should feed our horse herd for a couple of days, though three would be stretching it. I wondered at that grassy area for a long moment, puzzled that it existed. Shouldn’t it have been grazed down to bare dirt by ungulates long since? Then again, perhaps the deer and elk were smarter than that. Every predator for miles around probably visited this lick from time to time. Smart grass-eaters would know better than to tarry after getting their mineral doses. Dumb ones wouldn’t last long. A plethora of gnawed bones in the area attested to that grim truth. Mother Nature culls her unfit children without mercy or remorse.

Great coils of rope were unlimbered from the pack panniers, serving corral duty as they were strung from tree to tree around the back three-quarters of home base. Closing off the wide front opening required the planting of a dozen post-quality stakes, a much simpler and quicker job due to the abundance of fallen deadwood lying around. Mace unsaddled his horse but left the pack animals to me and my ladies in order to do a little prospecting. “More memory is coming back,” he said. “Dad sank a bit of a shaft, dug a wide hole straight down, alongside the salt deposit instead of on top of it. Told me mining from the side of a deposit was a good thing, much better than going straight down on top of it. If I can find his shaft, it could save us all a bunch of time and hard work.”

We left him to it, ignoring his remark about trying to find his Dad’s shaft. Julia gave me a twinkling look, but I wasn’t sure Lauren appreciated off-color humor. No use taking chances.

By the time it was pitch dark, we had a fire going and supper heating. Mace appeared out of the gathering gloom, packing a huge armload of gathered firewood. “Found it.” He dropped the wood near the fire, then dropped his body as well, planting his tired butt firmly on terra firma. “Or at least I think I did. Didn’t want to start mucking around in the dark. We’ll know in the morning.”

We didn’t bother to set a sentry that night. Exhaustion was the boss of us, the horses would let us know if anything truly dangerous approached–bear, cougar, wolf, whatever–and anyone approaching would have to run the gauntlet, sharing the salt trail with countless predators as well as prey animals. I slept like a baby.

Come the dawn, Mace went directly from breakfast to the panniers he and Sandy had packed personally before leaving the Roost. I’d paid no attention to the contents. Smith rummaged around inside one of the boxes, producing a heavy, long handled hammer and two huge chisels, one sporting a tip that tapered to a rugged point, the other with a broad, flat edge. “Grab the shovel and let’s go see,” he said, starting along the clearing edge without further ado.

Fair enough. With our lone digging tool in one hand and the .358 Winchester in the other–none of us were willing to abandon firepower just to get a bit of work done–I followed. Julia strode at my heels, AK-47 cradled in her arms, sword riding at her hip. We didn’t much like leaving Lauren alone, but as our smiling wise woman pointed out, she had the horses for company and we’d all be in sight of each other.

Although that last part wasn’t quite true, as it turned out.

Mace’s discovery would never have been recognized by anyone who’d not been present at its creation, hidden as it was beneath a low rock some three feet across. “Dad was a muscle monster in his day,” Mace admitted. “He shifted this stone by himself. I certainly wasn’t big enough to be much help.” It took two men to move it now, Julia standing watch while Mace and I lifted one edge of the granite guardian far enough to tip it over, exposing a vertical shaft that seemed to disappear into the depths of mother Earth Herself. I cringed back from this mouth of Hades. Claustrophobia was not one of my weaknesses…except if the tight space happened to be underground. I had not known this until now. The shaft was round, no more than two feet across at the surface, though the dark interior seemed to widen a bit farther down.

“Are you okay, Michael?” Julia’s voice seemed to come from a great distance, distorted by a rushing wind. Except there was no wind. And she was right there, three paces away, staring down at me with concern as I swayed on my knees, feeling the pull of the portal sucking at me, urging me to topple into the abyss from which there was no return.

“Hey!” Mace didn’t hesitate. His powerful right arm swept across my chest, hauling me back from the edge.

For a long moment, or many moments, or maybe eternity, we all waited. Waited for me to come back to myself. To admit my cowardice, my extreme terror that had unmanned me unlike anything since my first whipping at Fort Steel as a nine year old slave boy with murdered parents and a big mouth full of hate.

This time it was Mace’s turn to read my mind. “No shame in it,” he said quietly. “Two of my brothers can’t go underground, either. They feel like the whole mountain is going to collapse on them, bury them alive until the breath is crushed from their lungs. Brave as a mama bear with her cubs in danger in any other situation, they fall apart at the very idea of caving or mining. It has nothing to do with courage.”

I managed a shaky laugh. “Thanks for the visual. That might have been more reassuring if your description was a bit less graphic.” Mace grinned at me, but I could see the concern in his eyes. “Thing is, if I can’t work underground, we’re kind of short handed for a mining operation, aren’t we?”

“Not so much. We’d have needed one man down below and one up top anyway. Let’s drop a line down, see how deep it goes.”

As it turned out, Zebediah Smith had dug to a depth of nineteen feet, three inches. We had to rig a ladder, using two slim lodgepole pine trunks for the side rails, lashing smaller branch pieces to the rails to serve as steps. Once the ladder was in place, Sandy rigged a tool bag and lowered himself carefully downhole, a pine pitch torch clutched in one hand. “Plenty of room down here!” His voice sounded confident, even cheerful. Zeb must have spent most of one summer here with his young son, considering how much earth and salt he’d removed. There was no pile of tailings in evidence; he must have carried every pound of dirt and rock to the woods, scattering it all so that no later explorer might discover his shaft. His mine shaft. Huh. The feeble shaft joke had lost its power to amuse. Wait. Feeble shaft? That was moderately funny.

According to our lone hardrock miner, the salt vein was mightily exposed, a literal wall nearly nine feet thick, or tall. How may eons of seawater evaporation must have been required to produce a deposit like that, I had no idea. A small part of me wanted to see that underground wall of salt in its native state. A very small part.

By the second hour after sunrise, we’d settled into a routine. Working by the light of his single, flickering torch, which he jammed into a crack in the earthen wall–not the hard salt–Mace chiseled away at the deposit, chip-chop-prying whichever way his intuition shoved him, bandana masking his mouth and nose from flying salt bits. The point was not to be neat and artistic but to fill our empty pack panniers with salt as rapidly as safely possible. Not that the boxes were loaded to the top; the weight would have been too much for a pack horse over the long haul. Half a pannier weighed, we estimated, about one hundred pounds. Light enough that any one of us could hoist it for lashing to a pack saddle, one to each side. So, two hundred pounds of salt per horse (plus another eighty pounds of miscellaneous gear lashed atop) times seven horses available for salt duty…fourteen hundred pounds of salt, light-sand colored with tiny speckles throughout. Rich in trace minerals needed for optimum health. Tasty. A mobile fortune.

If we could get that much mined and loaded in two days of backbreaking-for-Mace work. I cursed my weakness but could do nothing about it. Downhole, Mace swung his hammer relentlessly, accumulating a pile of salt at his feet, everything from fist-sized chunks down to sprinkle-sized grains. When he had enough, he filled our cooking kettle–Lauren had to do without that for the duration–hollered up, and I pulled the loaded kettle up with a rope. Dumped the kettle into a pannier. Lowered the empty kettle back down. Used any slack time to pound some of the salt chunks with a rock until loose grains filled the gaps in the box. Lifted the box to check its weight. Waited for Mace to holler up again. Lifted the kettle on the rope….

When we broke for lunch, we had three panniers ready to go. Three fourteenths of the desired load, so…a shade more than a fifth of the desired output. Could Mace keep going long and hard enough get it done? Man, we needed Sandy! Or was Sandy one of the brothers who couldn’t go underground, like I couldn’t? If I’d ever had a past life as a cave man, it must have been a crushing experience. Heh. Not funny. None of us said anything, but Mace already looked like a tired demon from Pluto’s fabled underworld. From his hair to the soles of his boots, he was smeared with both salt and dirt, dried-sweat stripes streaking his face. Filthy tired already.

The guilt was killing me.

Then Julia spoke up and made it worse. “I could probably swing a hammer for an hour or two. Give you a little break, Mace.”

To his credit, he gave her offer consideration before he spoke. To my relief, when he did speak, he rejected the offer. “Thanks, Jules. I appreciate that. But I don’t think it would gain us anything. You’re a strong woman, but swinging a hammer with one hand while holding a chisel with the other…it takes time for muscle memory to lock in. Dad started me young, even before we came here that summer. A four pound sledge is as much an extension of my own body as your sword is of yours.”

“Fair enough.” My mate sounded almost disappointed. “I wouldn’t want to turn my sword over to you on short notice, either.” Or ever, I amended silently. “But if we wear you out….”

Smith sighed wearily. “I think I can make it. I got my rhythm back. I’ll be one sore puppy by the end of it, and worn out, but I can sleep on the trail.”

“What?” I blinked, startled. We never dared sleep on the trail, not when there were so few of us.

“Sure.” He shrugged, unconcerned. “You know the way now, so you could take point. Put Julia at drag, leave me in the middle, leading the pack string. I don’t figure to sleep-ride all the way out of these mountains, but if I nod off a bit, any sudden trouble would wake me right back up in a hurry.”

“Huh.” I’d have to think about that.

In the end, Mace pulled it off. The last load of salt came out of the shaft in failing light on Day Two, but all fourteen panniers were ready to go. Smith slowly dragged himself up the ladder, leaving his last torch to sputter out on its own. He was so weakened by his Herculean effort, nearly twenty hours of hammer swinging in a two day period, that he wasn’t much help when it came to moving the camouflage boulder back into place. Julia had to pitch in.

There remained the need to work over the entire area, hiding as much as possible the traces of our work near the portal. We’d tackle that in the morning before heading out. About the campsite itself, there was little to be done; nothing but time could fully erase the evidence a dozen horses left behind. Thanks in part to a young doe Julia had shot at dawn, Lauren had a special shish kabob ready and waiting. Chunks of succulent backstrap alternated with liver, heart, and several different plant foods she’d foraged from the edge of the woods. I had no idea what most of them were, except tasty. Mighty tasty. I sprinkled a bit of salt and gall on a chunk of liver for flavoring, wolfed the delicacy down, and turned to see how Mace was enjoying the feast.

He was sound asleep, slumped over on his side, snoring softly.

15 thoughts on “Grunt, Chapter 60: Salt

  1. What a wonderful story, full of lessons and discovery! I wonder if I could find places my dad took me to as a child… I know that driving to teenager years places seems much longer than I remember, and everything looks smaller… some things are even closer than I remember, such as the old water hole in my grandfather’s farm, which now I realize is relatively close to the house (a loud piercing whistle, can be heard from house to water hole).
    I also love the description of the mining process, and am in awe of Jeb’s skill, knowledge and dedication to building a good future for his family when he was younger (just as Michael is).
    I also admire the way our team is capable of handling individual limitations, such as Michael’s fear of going deep underground.
    Now our friends have the equivalent of a gold mine for their own trading activities, and just like gold-rush miners will have to take care that no one discovers where it is… I’ve gone down into a salt mine, about 2 hours from Bogota, in Colombia, where miners cut out a huge cathedral. It is definitely beautiful to be surrounded by salt, and I admit that the dark places were scary. 🙂 Luckily, its a tourist spot in which the main shaft can fit large equipment, and there are electric lights in all the places with public access. I’ve been there twice, and yes, I did taste the salt from the walls.

    As for Mace, all I can say is “what a man!” He is definitely his father’s son, which is great for Michael and The Roost. 🙂

    Thanks again, Ghost! You continue to amaze and instruct me. 🙂

  2. Wonderful story this morning. I have seen salt mines, silver mines, gold mines, and diatomaceous earth mines. None of them is fun, but they definitely are interesting. I have the same problem as Michael, I can’t stand being underground either. Mine is some less than his problem. I was in a silver mine museum with my 7th grade science class, when I found out about that one. The museum is built on top of it, in Carson City, NV.

  3. Manny: Thanks (to you and Becky both) for the “wonderful story” comment(s). Since I’m currently living smack dab in the middle of my “teenager years places,” I haven’t noticed that driving to them takes longer, nor do many of them seem smaller. Some of the current crop of bucking bulls in the area seem bigger! The woodshed at the old ranch is one exception that does seem smaller, but I suspect that comes from earlier-than-teenaged memories, as I was working hard in or near that shed (with an axe, splitting wood) from age 4 onward. When it was full of uncut blocks and I was small, it was my castle and refuge in a sense.

    Yes, Mace is a leading Smith brother for a reason, and evolving as something of a co-leader with Michael as well.

    I’ve never mined salt, but realized that procedures used by larger operations (going back thousands of years) would not work well for a lone man with an extremely limited set of tools. Hence the shaft dropping down next to the mineral deposit bed rather than directly onto/into it. Basically, I wrote the Smith procedure as I would do it in his place, providing I was fortunate enough to locate a deposit edge.
    Becky: I’ve done some caving but have only worked in one underground mine, a now-defunct phosphate mine not too far from Deer Lodge. For me, any underground exploration IS fun, as is quite a bit of the work as well. I absolutely love it. But a friend of mine, six-foot-four redhead and not afraid of anything on the surface of the Earth, absolutely will not go underground. He literally would not consider it if his life was at stake.

    In the phosphate mine, where of course we had a whole lot more to work with than Mace has in this chapter–powered drilling equipment, explosives, mucking machines, trams, the works–the procedure was a little different. First, a horizontal drift (main tunnel) was cut into the mountain UNDER the phosphate ore vein. The ore overhead was removed as part of that drift. Miners rode tram cars into the drift, no up-or-down shaft whatsoever, then attacked the uphill “edge” of the vein, drilling and blasting and scraping the ore chunks downslope (the vein was at a slant, not level) to be hauled back out in tram cars. So in a sense, we were going after a “wall” of ore.

    In the Black Hills of South Dakota, I’ve explored many a deserted mine shaft and several drifts, scouting alone, nobody else around. Most likely there were rules against doing that, but if nobody was around and the portal wasn’t boarded up with vicious warning signs, I didn’t care. Most of those were presumably dug by folks looking for gold, whether or not they found any. I also explored a number of caves in that region, some listed on maps, some not. The cave Tam describes in the tale of Rabbit, the mountain man, is a combination of two real caves I went through.

  4. Dennis and my dad loved old mines. Dennis was always going off into a cave to look around. My grandfather found a Buddha figurine in an old mine in NV, which I now have. My dad worked at an open pit mine for diatomaceous earth, halfway between Fernley and Sparks, for almost 20 years. He contracted silicosis from that mine, which eventually killed him. The gold and silver mines I went into were old mined out ones, from the 1800s. Dennis was always dragging me off to some cave that he wanted to see with the kids. I usually tried to escape those trips. I don’t even like basements.

  5. Basement non-love I can understand, mostly because they tend to gather mold, flood, and stuff like that. Of course, a lot of mines flood, too. The Buddha figurine find must have been a kick. Detest open pit mines. Always have. In the phosphate mine where I worked, it was pretty much understood that the drifts were worse for silicosis than the stopes of phosphate ore were. I can only remember a few of the names of lifetime miners I worked with, but the “lifers” I worked with and Googled last year…are all dead now. The guys who, like me, worked for a year or two and then moved on to something else–they’re mostly still around.

    I knew from the start that Dennis and I had some things in common. For me, there are few pleasures greater than exploring underground–mine or cave, doesn’t matter which. Preferably alone. Doing likewise in a forest used to run a close second, but not since the advent of satellite snooping that can eye-in-the-sky your every move without you even knowing it. As far as I know, 30 feet of rock overhead still provides the closest thing to privacy we have these days.

    True, knowing about radon gas is a bit of a downer….

  6. Ghost, I just remembered Michael and Julia’s first night together, after leaving Fort 24… They were in a mine that Grunt knew of. I wonder why Michael’s claustrophobia didn’t kick in then… of course, many a guy will do incredible (or stupid) things when he is distracted by a great looking woman. And, of course, Michael was still learning about his true self. 🙂 Of course, I could be mistaken, but I think not. I do remember, though, that they didn’t do much exploring of the mine … LOL

  7. Good recall, Manny. I’d forgotten about that. Could be my writing just got sloppy…OR it could be that since the mine entrance where they got together was a large drift (horizontal), it simply didn’t hit Michael the same way the vertical (NARROW HOLE) going straight down into the ground did, with the feel of being confined plus the sense of an endless abyss under him. Hmm…. You’re absolutely right; they only went a little way down the drift, then climbed into a stope for their romantic interlude–which would be going up rather than down. Also, Michael was mostly following Grunt’s capable lead during that earlier episode but is now himself the leader with no one else to assume ultimate responsibility for whatever happens, which could be a factor. Maybe the straight-down hole looked too much like a giant reptile’s mouth, ready to swallow him whole.

    It occurs to me that I’ve possibly experienced something similar, just recently. I got hit with food poisoning on Saturday night–pretty sure I did it to myself, no one else to blame–but have long since learned there’s usually a “karmic burnoff” reason BEHIND such events, and even as I was worshiping the porcelain god, I was trying to perceive said reason. Which I did, though not until Sunday morning. It was old karma (from a past life) when I’d been friends with an individual who did some pretty ugly things. Interestingly, this was by far the most violent physical reaction to any such discovery-and-release-of-karma in this lifetime, happening decades after I first began studying such things and “making discoveries.”

    And as I write this, I can FEEL the difference between squeezing down a fairly tight vertical shaft and simply walking straight into a level mine drift. Interesting…ah! And I JUST NOW remembered that during my numerous cave-and-mine explorations, tight vertical drops DID worry me a whole lot more than mostly horizontal maneuvers. There was one mine shaft (in the Black Hills) that dropped vertically–with places on the rock where I could grab hold to climb down, but no ladder–and side shafts (stopes) radiating from that at different levels. I was no more than 20 feet down when I spotted (thankfully) a small rattlesnake curled up on a bit of ledge. It had obviously fallen (slid out of control) down the shaft to that point; it wasn’t naturally there). I was able to climb down (and back up, later) past it at a safe enough distance. It looked at me but no more than that–doubt it was going to live a whole lot longer. But that wasn’t exactly a pleasant climb.

    A parody of the ubiquitous commercial just came to mind: “Help! I’ve fallen into a deep hole and I can’t climb up!”

  8. Michael was also in a tunnel at the other fort. When they were escaping with all the kids, they went through a tunnel to get out. Also they went down all those tunnels hallways at the mysterious library where they found Lauren.

  9. Ah! Thank, Becky. I remember now! The library passageways are pretty structured and “built,” generally not tight-squeeze producers of claustrophobia (except the lower levels where the Noehms live), but the Fort Steel tunnel was one tight puppy.

    The answer to the question of why Michael is (so far) ONLY bothered by the salt mine shaft has been revealed to me. Additional speculation is revealed to readers in Chapter 61, which I just published, but the definitive answer will show up in Chapter 62–which is at this moment still entirely in my head..

  10. I love going underground. Caves, old basements, mine shafts, I find them all quite alluring. And I have no problem with tight spaces down below. I’ve been asked on occasion to go under a house to check on a pipe or some such, and don’t mind crawling past black widows’ webs.

    One time while camping, for a fun challenge, I crawled the length of an under-the-road storm drain, spiral-formed galvanized pipe 18 inches in diameter by my best estimate. Everything was going smoothly until the last few feet, where mud had washed in from the drain’s elevated end; pretty soon I found that the dirt had made my floor several inches higher. Hey, no worries, I’m on the stocky side of scrawny… then I got near the end and saw that the pipe there had been partially crushed by falling rocks from the road’s hilly side. As I squeezed past a lone salamander, I thought about turning back (without the possibility of actually turning). Backing out those fifteen-or-so feet on my belly would take too long, I decided, so I stuck one arm outside and followed with my head. Stuck like a badger in a rabbit hole, and no powerful claws to help me out. I probably could have backed out still, but that seemed the less appealing option in the moment. I briefly entertained the notion that I was truly stuck, and had a thought or two about how I might signal a rare passing car. No panic, though, and after a few minutes’ struggle I managed to pop myself out of the bottleneck.

    There’s a lava tube a couple towns over that stretches a quarter-mile or so one way and a few hundred feet the other, the starting point being a large cavern one descends into by way of a solidly-fixed and caged steel ladder about thirty-five vertical feet long. I’ve gone the easily-accessible length (standing-room ‘hallways’, several caverns and a few crouch-under spots) three or four times, but have yet to satisfy my smoldering desire to find out just how far I can belly-crawl into the tapering ends of the tunnel. At one end I got far enough to discover the source of a fresh air stream, a narrow shaft with some support-timber clutter and a pile of rocks topside. Beyond that, the topography tells me that the tube either ends within another hundred feet… or goes down…. The cave’s other end, which I belly-crawled to its apparent limit, captures my imagination as well; mainly thanks to local lore of it once stretching all the way to the Snake River (some nine miles away at the most direct distance) before the Army Corps of Engineers collapsed it (they were the ones who installed the ladder, at least).. and then there’s the obligatory legend of gold coins hidden by a bandit with a posse on his tail, him getting killed but the coins never found…

    I’ve explored only one abandoned mine, a tunnel of only a few hundred feet cut into a hill fifteen miles from my storm drain. From the time I was around ten until two decades later, the loosely-fenced opening to the shaft would beckon me every time I passed by it on my way to a regular camping spot. When I finally traversed the length of it with my brother last year, I was slightly disappointed, but the place does fascinate me because of its diverse geology and several weird varieties of mineral mud (there’s shin-deep standing water much of the way, from interior drip sources).

  11. Cool comment, Leonid. Thanks.

    I’m also comfortable underground, as my writing no doubt indicates. A few of my crawl-or-not enterprises:

    1. Dug a “western cache” bottle-neck hole out behind the ranch house when I was a kid and hid in there a number of times before filling it back in. I was 9 at the time.

    2. Crawling under houses–have done it but am warier than you are. My father, during his WWII time in the Navy as an aircraft mechanic, was once bitten in the neck by a black widow and nearly died in hospital. Also had to worry about rattlesnakes maybe showing up, as a number of the places I’ve lived have been in rattler country. And one mobile home was literally covered with thousands of black widow nests waiting to hatch, all attached to the underside of the mobile, no more than 18″ off the ground. I backed out of that one.

    3. In the mid-nineties, explored over 200 “holes” in the Black Hills of South Dakota. Many old mines, some caves, a few just plain dips in the earth that could serve as emergency cover in combat. Chapter…I think #8 in Tam the Tall Tale Teller describes an actual two-chamber cave I found one day, not big but big enough that a tom cougar and also a woodchuck had denned there. The woodchuck pellets were in a lower “room” the big cat couldn’t access but the tomcat stink was all over the larger room.

    4. Worked for most of a year in a phosphate mine. Loved it.

    Basically, give me a way to drop out of sight beneath the surface of the Earth and I’m gone. I just wish I hadn’t learned about radon gas.

  12. I remember reading about the cache hole you dug as a kid (Survival Cabin post?). I’ve thought about doing similar. The closest thing I had as a kid was a Planter’s peanut jar I buried to ground level; I put a few small items in it and covered the lid with dirt for a bit of stealth cache practice. With six brothers, I was likely found out.

    If I ever buy property with an overabundance of black widows, I will get chickens to hopefully combat them. Our first family chicken, more pet than layer, loved picking the juicy black balls out of the pre-fence post holes.

    I don’t know anything about radon gas. Should I remain blissfully ignorant?

  13. I did not know that chickens eat black widow spiders. That is an extremely valuable bit of information; thank you.

    Too late! To remain blissfully ignorant about radon gas, that is. provides a pretty good overall look at radon. It’s the heaviest of the so called “noble gases,” granite spews it out naturally, there’s some level of it anywhere in the environment, and there are federal “safety standard limits” (which aren’t usually all that safe) regarding radon.

    I once decided to find out the radon levels in a house I owned at the time but did not want to use any of the better known services because if you know the radon levels in your home and go to sell it, you are required by law to report them to parties interested in buying. So I mail ordered a home test kit from somewhere–they have them on Amazon these days, but this was long before Amazon even existed.

    Being heavy, radon tends to collect in low, enclosed spaces. Logically, that meant the basement should show a higher concentration than the living room upstairs. The kit only contained enough “stuff” to test two places, so I couldn’t test each room individually. I had to set out the tester thingies, collect them 24 hours later, send them back to the lab, and wait. Sure enough, the basement showed a higher concentration–right near the safety limit as listed by the feds, in fact–in the basement. It was less than half of that upstairs where there was more air circulation.

    What this told me, more or less, was that it would probably be best not to live in your Mom’s basement indefinitely., though of course not all basements are created equal. It also dashed cold water in my face regarding caves and mines, which I’ve always loved. It further made me wonder if the military people who spend a lot of time deep underground in other careers, such as Cheyenne Mountain, might not be subject to more cancers than usual in their later years.

    Disillusionment, for sure. Until that discovery, I’d always thought I’d enjoy living underground. Of course, exposing oneself to high radon gas levels a few hundred feet underground would still help one live longer than remaining on the surface during an all-out nuclear war. Life, it seems, is an ongoing juggling act….

  14. I can’t say that chickens in general love munching on black widows, but that one certainly did. She also once swallowed whole a finger-thick gopher snake after flailing it about awhile (afterwards looked like she was feeling a bit off).

    Wow. Well now I can’t avoid adding radon to the list of considerations in future underground home, basement, and cellar plans. I’ll still go spelunking whenever an opportunity presents itself, at least in my younger years. Not like I have access to hundreds of caves and mines. I get excited if I discover even a tiny tunnel or cliff hole. But I will file this information away.

  15. Got in the chicken topic.

    I’ll still go spelunking when I can, too. Just might not build my dream home underground. 😀

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.